Current Indian Education System

In this article, you will learn about the Indian education system in 2020.

India is a country of poor education in the first two stages – preschool and school. Although the country is continuously engaged in an intense war with the caste system and universal illiteracy, it has not yet been possible to establish such pedagogical activity that would be different from the educational system in Ancient India, when people from rich and wealthy families had a chance to get knowledge.

The poor were content only with hard physical labor. Now in free public educational institutions to get quality knowledge is unrealistic. Because as soon as parents have money to pay for private institutions, they immediately send their children for a chance to get out of need and get a decent job.

Preschool education

There is no such thing as a kindergarten that is customary for a European in India. The role of the nanny and the first teacher is the mother until the baby crosses the threshold of primary school. If both parents have a tough time, and they continuously get their daily bread, then the child goes to relatives for a day.

If this is not possible, then the children are waiting for their mothers and fathers to return from work in special groups created based on preparatory schools. To make it more comfortable, children are divided into subgroups by age and hours spent on the team. It is quite enough for children to be in a group daily under the guidance of a teacher to get the basics of knowledge on the foundations of the universe, Hindi, and English before entering school.

Today’s system of preschool education in India is designed so that parents can be calm about their children who have been trained in such groups – the kids automatically become first graders when they reach a certain age. But sometimes parents are still forced to rack their brains over where to attach a pre-school child for further education.

Some children will face a severe test before being transferred to school – rather difficult tests, on which they need to confirm knowledge of the alphabet, the ability to write letters and simple words, count to 100, and add numbers within a hundred. If the exam is passed, the student receives the first document in his life with grades, based on which schools decide on admission.

To get knowledge of this level, many parents send their children to preschool from 3 years. Preparatory schools have four varieties of groups: Playgroup – optional classes for the youngest pupils. Even two-year-olds get here. They are in such groups for up to 3 hours daily.

Nursery group – nursery groups are a must-see. Learning already prevails over entertainment, but when children play, they learn. Homework assignments are given, the implementation of which is monitored in the next lesson – this is how education in India begins for real. Lower Kindergarten is an ordinary group, as Europeans understand it.

Five-year-olds quite well know and write all English letters and several Indian letters in Hindi, they count within 100. Upper Kindergarten is the final stage of pre-school education. After it, the guys can voice and write the Hindi alphabet, easily pronounce and reproduce English words of 5-7 letters, write any number out of a hundred, solve simple mathematical examples, compare numbers.

School education

The school system in India does not provide tuition fees, but wealthy parents try to get their child in a private school or prestigious public institution. A month of study in such institutions costs about a hundred dollars, but the level of knowledge gained is an order of magnitude higher than in free schools.

Besides, children learn more profound linguistic understanding and can communicate in English, Hindi, and the dialect of their native state. Finding an excellent state-run pedagogical institution is not so simple. Still, parents try to do everything to get their children into a decent school, because only there can boys and girls receive the minimum amount of information.

In Indian schools, there is one feature – all students are provided with free meals. This does not mean that the child will be treated with restaurant dishes, but no one will be left hungry.

Higher education

The higher education system in India, in contrast to pre-school and school education, is well developed. There are more than 220 universities in the country. Founded in the 5th century, the University of Nalanda occupies a leading position among those who wish to receive higher education.

There are 10,555 colleges and technical educational institutions in India that competent graduate specialists to work in enterprises of all sectors of the national economy. A lot of universities in the country have a narrow specialization.

In Indira Kala Sangith they teach Indian music, in Rabindra Bharati – the Bengali language, but the most privileged are universities:

  • Calcutta;
  • Mumbai;
  • Rajasthan;
  • named after Mahatma Gandhi.

Education in India is gradually reaching a new level; technical universities that produce highly qualified engineers are in fashion. They are most in-demand in the country, especially against the backdrop of successfully developing high technologies and the economy.

Essentially, the entire education system in India is a copy of the British educational model. Upon graduation, a young specialist can receive one of three academic degrees. Those are a bachelor, a master, and a doctor of science.

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